Pieter Schoorl

Geslacht: Man
Vader: Nicolaas Schoorl
Moeder: Johanna Guurtje Voorn
Geboren: 1 Dec 1903 Haarlem
Overleden: 25 OKT 1980 Apeldoorn
Beroep: landbouwkundige
Aantekeningen: Last Name: Schoorl
First Name: Pieter
Title: PROF.
Date of Birth: 01/12/1903
Date of death: 25/10/1980
Rescuer's fate: survived
Gender: Male
Place during the war: •Bennekom, Gelderland, The Netherlands
Amsterdam, Detention Site
Vught, Camp, The Netherlands
Rescue Place: Bennekom, Gelderland, The Netherlands
Rescue mode: Hiding
Providing forged documents
Illegal transfer
Arranging shelter
File number: File from the Collection of the Righteous Among the Nations Department (M.31.2/726)
Date of Recognition: 03/01/1980
Righteous Commemorated with Tree/Wall of Honor: Tree
Ceremony organized by Israeli diplomatic delegation in: The Hague, Netherlands
Rescued Persons
Dannebaum, Lisl
Leeuwe de, Ruth
Leeuwe de, Zwanenberg van, Adele
Dannebaum, Kurt
Leeuwen van, Eline
Following the devastating bombing of Rotterdam in May 1940, Mr. and Mrs. van Leeuwen moved to Bennekom, Gelderland, with their three-year-old daughter, Eline. It was there that Mr. van Leeuwen became acquainted with Professor Pieter Schoorl, a chemical engineer, who offered to take Eline into hiding when it became necessary. The little girl became known as Eline Bruin and was introduced as Pieter Schoorl’s niece, and from then on raised as part of the family along with the Schoorl’s five children. In the meantime, the van Leeuwens hid at another hiding place, where Pieter and his wife, Annaatje, often visited them. During the war, Pieter was also involved in stealing identity cards, even from his employees, to give to Jews without charge. Together with his laboratory assistant, A. Gorter, he also escorted Jewish children from Amsterdam to hideouts in Bennekom and the surrounding area. In October 1943, Pieter was arrested and imprisoned for nine months, initially in Amsterdam and later at the Vught camp. During most of this period, the van Leeuwens lived in the Schoorl home and helped Annaatje with her large family. On June 15, 1944, Pieter was released and immediately resumed his work helping Jews. He took 12 Jewish children who had been hiding out in the Renkum woods and concealed them in a cowshed next to his house where he then looked after them. Although the police eventually raided the cowshed, the children were well trained and disappeared into their hiding places. Later, one of the children stayed on with the Schoorl family and the others were placed at new addresses. Pieter’s laboratory became a popular refuge whenever there was a razzia. Even when the SS commandeered the Schoorl house, the fugitives managed to escape to the laboratory. Among those who found a safe haven there was Adele de Leeuwe-van Zwanberg (Mrs. van Leeuwen’s sister), her husband, Simon de Leeuwe, and their children, Ruth and Ruben. Also hidden there were the dentist, Dr. Kurt Dannebaum and his wife, Lisel. All in all, at least 20 people stayed for a short period in the laboratory, sleeping on the basement floor. During the Battle of Arnhem in October 1944, Bennekom was evacuated and the laboratory was bombed. All the fugitives managed to survive and were taken out by the Red Cross. Pieter arranged a new shelter for the van Leeuwens and their son in the north of Holland and later moved them to stay with friends of his. For the last five months of the war, the van Leeuwens lived in his grandmother’s house in Wormerveer. Eline, meanwhile, moved from one hideout to another, always accompanied on her journeys by a member of the Schoorl family.
On January 3,1980, Yad Vashem recognized Pieter Schoorl and his wife, Annaatje Aafje Schoorl-Borst, as Righteous Among the Nations.

Gezin 1

Huwelijkspartner: Annaatje Aafje Borst geb. 22 Feb 1908 overl. 8 MRT 1995
Huwelijk: 18 MRT 1930 Heiloo